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Submitted by Leo van de Pas
(corrections/additions are welcome)

The Descendants of
Athenais de Rochechouart
(4 generations)



       Athenais de Rochechouart
       Born 26 April 1641 Chateau de Tonnay
       Died 28 May 1707 Bourbon L'Archambault
       Married 1663 (Separated 7 July 1674)
       Henri Louis de Pardaillan de Gondrin, Marquis de Montespan
       Died November 1702
       Children by (a) Louis XIV, King of France and Navarre
       1643-1651-1715, son of Louis XIII "le Juste", King of
       France and Navarre 1610-1614-1643 and Anna of Austria,
       Infanta of Spain
       Born 5 September 1638 St.Germain-en-Laye
       Died 1 September 1715 Chateau de Versailles
       Buried St.Denis
                Children, Generation I

       Generation I
        (a) 1  NN batard de Bourbon
               Born 1669
               Died young

            2  NN batarde de Bourbon
               Born 1669
               Died 1672

            3  Louis Auguste de Bourbon
               Duc de Maine et d'Aumale
               Born 31 March 1670 St.Germain-en-Laye
               Died 14 May 1736 Sceaux
               Married 19 March 1692 Versailles
               Louise de Bourbon-Conde, Mademoiselle de Charolais,
               daughter of Henri Jules de Bourbon, Prince de Conde and
               Pfalzgrafin Anna Henriette Julie von Pfalz-Simmern
               Born 8 November 1676 Paris
               Died 23 January 1753 Paris, Hotel du Maine
                        Children, Generation II-1

            4  Louis Cesar de Bourbon
               Comte de Vexin
               Born June 1672 Le Genitoy nr Lagny
               Died 10 January 1683 (or 1685) Paris

             5  Louise Francoise de Bourbon
               Mademoiselle de Nantes
               Born 1 June 1673 Tournai
               Died 16 June 1743 Paris, Palais de Bourbon
               Married 24 July 1685 Versailles
               Louis III de Bourbon, Prince de Conde, son of Henri Jules
               de Bourbon, Prince de Conde and Pfalzgraefin Anna Henriette
               Julie von Pfalz-Simmern
               Born 11 October 1668 Paris, Hotel de Conde
               Died 4 March 1710 Paris
               Buried Valery
                        Children, Generation II-2

            6  Louise Marie de Bourbon
               Mademoiselle de Tours
               Born 12 November 1674 St.Germain-en-Laye
               Died 15 September 1681 Bourbon-l'Archambault

            7  Francoise Marie de Bourbon
               Mademoiselle de Blois
               Born 9 February 1677 Chateau de Maintenon
               Died 1 February 1749 Paris
               Married 18 February 1692 Versailles
               Philippe II, Duke of Orleans, Regent of France 1715-1723,
               son of Philippe I, Duke of Orleans and Princess Elisabeth
               Charlotte von der Pfalz, Herzogin von Bayern, Pfalzgraefin
               am Rhein
               Born 2 August 1674 St.Cloud
               Died 2 December 1723 Versailles
               Buried St.Denis
                        Children, Generation II-3

            8  Louis Alexandre de Bourbon
               Comte de Toulouse, Duc de Penthievre
               Born 6 June 1678 Versailles
               Died 1 December 1737 Chateau de Rambouillet
               Married 2 February 1723 Paris
               Marie Victoire Sophie de Noailles, daughter of Anne Jules
               de Noailles, 2.Duc de Noailles and Marie Francoise de
               Bournonville
               Born 6 May 1688
               Died 30 September 1766 Paris, Hotel de Toulouse
               Children by (a) Madeleine Aumont
                        Children, Generation II-4

       II-1 (I-3)
            1  NN de Bourbon
               Mademoiselle de Dombes
               Born 11 September 1694 Versailles
               Died 26 September 1694 Versailles

            2  Louis Constantine de Bourbon
               Prince de Dombes
               Born 27 November 1695 Versailles
               Died 28 September 1698 Versailles

            3  NN de Bourbon
               Mademoiselle d'Aumale
               Born 21 December 1697 Versailles
               Died 24 August 1699 Versailles

            4  Louis Auguste de Bourbon
               Prince de Dombes
               Born 4 March 1700 Versailles
               Died 1 October 1755 Fontainebleau

            5  Louis Charles de Bourbon
               Comte d'Eu, Prince de Dombes
               Born 15 October 1701 Sceaux
               Died 13 July 1775 Sceaux

            6  Charles de Bourbon
               Duc d'Aumale
               Born 31 March 1704 Versailles
               Died 2 September 1708 Sceaux

            7  Louise Francoise de Bourbon
               Mademoiselle de Nantes
               Born 4 December 1707 Versailles
               Died 19 August 1743 Anet

       II-2 (I-5)
            1  Marie Anne Gabrielle Eleonore de Bourbon-Conde
               Madame de Bourbon
               Born 22 December 1690 Versailles
               Died 30 August 1760 Villejuif

            2  Louis Henri de Bourbon
               Prince de Conde
               Born 18 August 1692 Versailles
               Died 27 January 1740 Chantilly
               Buried Valery
               Married (1) 9 July 1713 Versailles
               Marie Anne de Bourbon-Conti, Mademoiselle de Conti,
               daughter of Francois Louis de Bourbon, Prince de Conti and
               Marie Therese de Bourbon-Cond., Mademoiselle de Bourbon
               Born 18 April 1689 Versailles
               Died 21 March 1720 Paris
               Married (2) 23 July 1728 Sarry nr Chalons
               Landgraefin Caroline von Hessen-Rheinfels-Rotenburg,
               daughter of Ernst Leopold, Landgraf von
               Hessen-Rheinfels-Rotenburg 1725-1749 and Countess Eleonore
               zu Loewenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort
               Born 18 August 1714 Rotenburg
               Died 14 June 1741 Paris
               Child by (a) Armande Felice de La Porte Mazarin, daughter
               of Paul Jules de La Porte Mazarin, Duc de Mazarin et de La
               Meilleraye and Felice Armande de Durfort
               Born 3 September 1691
               Died 14 October 1729
                        Children, Generation III-1

            3  Louise Elisabeth de Bourbon-Conde
               Mademoiselle de Charolais
               Born 22 November 1693 Versailles
               Died 27 May 1775 Paris
               Married 9 July 1713 Versailles
               Louis Armand II de Bourbon, Prince de Conti, son of
               Francois Louis de Bourbon, Prince de Conti and Marie
               Therese de Bourbon-Conde, Mademoiselle de Bourbon
               Born 10 November 1695 Paris
               Died 4 May 1727 Paris
                        Children, Generation III-2

            4  Louise Anne de Bourbon-Conde
               Mademoiselle de Sens
               Born 23 June 1695 Versailles
               Died 8 April 1758 Paris

            5  Marie Anne de Bourbon-Conde
               Mademoiselle de Clermont
               Born 16 October 1697 Paris
               Died 11 August 1741 Paris

            6  Charles de Bourbon-Conde
               Comte de Charolais
               Born 19 June 1700 Chantilly
               Died 23 July 1760 Paris
               Children by Marguerite Caron de Rancurel, Dame de Lassone
               Died 24 February 1800 Paris
                        Children, Generation III-3

            7  Henriette de Bourbon-Conde
               Mademoiselle de Vermandois
               Born 15 January 1703 Versailles
               Died 19 September 1772 Beaumont-les-Tours

            8  Elisabeth Alexandrine de Bourbon-Conde
               Mademoiselle de Gex
               Born 15 September 1705 Paris
               Died 15 April 1765 Paris

            9  Louis de Bourbon-Conde
               Comte de Clermont
               Born 15 June 1709 Versailles
               Died 16 June 1771 Versailles

       II-3 (I-7)
            1  Princess NN d'Orleans
               Mademoiselle de Valois
               Born 17 December 1693 Marly
               Died 17 October 1694 Paris
               Buried Paris, Val-de-Grace

            2  Princess Marie Louise Elisabeth d'Orleans
               Born 20 August 1695 Versailles
               Died 21 July 1719 Chateau de La Muette
               Buried St. Denis
               Married 6 July 1710 Versailles
               Charles de Bourbon, Duc de Berry, d'Alencon et d'Angouleme,
               son of Louis "le Grand Dauphin", Dauphin of France and
               Duchess Maria Anna of Bavaria, Pfalzgraefin bei Rhein
               Born 31 August 1686 Versailles
               Died 4 May 1714 Marly
               Buried Versailles
               Child by (a) Sicaire Antoine d'Aydie, Comte de Rions
                        Children, Generation III-4

            3  Princess Louise Adelaide d'Orleans
               Mademoiselle de Chartres
               Born 13 August 1698 Versailles
               Died 10 February 1743 Paris
               Buried Paris

            4  Princess Charlotte Aglae d'Orleans
               Mademoiselle de Valois
               Born 20 October 1700 Paris
               Died 19 January 1761 Paris, Palais du Luxembourg
               Married 21 June 1720 Modena
               Francesco III Maria d'Este, Duke of Modena, son of Rinaldo
               III d'Este, Duke of Modena 1695-1737 and Princess Charlotte
               of Brunswick-Lueneburg
               Born 2 July 1698 Modena
               Died 22 February 1780 Varese
                        Children, Generation III-5

            5  Louis I
               Duke of Orleans
               Born 4 August 1703 Versailles
               Died 4 February 1752 Paris
               Married 18 June 1724 Sarri
               Markgraefin Auguste von Baden-Baden, daughter of Ludwig
               Wilhelm, Markgraf von Baden-Baden and Duchess Sibylle of
               Saxe-Lauenburg, Duchess of Saxony
               Born 10 November 1704 Aschaffenburg
               Died 8 August 1726 Palais Royal
                        Children, Generation III-6

            6  Princess Louise Elisabeth d'Orleans
               Mademoiselle de Montpensier
               Born 11 December 1709 Versailles
               Died 16 June 1742 Paris, Palais du Luxembourg
               Buried Paris, St.Sulpice
               Married 20 January 1722 Lerma
               Luis I, King of Spain 1724-1724, son of Felipe V, King of
               Spain 1700-1746 and Princess Maria Luisa de Savoie
               Born 25 August 1707 Versailles
               Died 31 August 1724 Madrid
               Buried Escurial
                         S.P.

            7  Princess Philippine Elisabeth d'Orleans
               Mademoiselle de Beaujolais
               Born 18 December 1714 Versailles
               Died 21 May 1734 Bagnolet, Val de Marne

             8  Princess Louise Diane d'Orleans
               Mademoiselle de Chartres
               Born 27 June 1716 Paris
               Died 26 September 1736 Issy
               Buried Paris, St.Andre des Arcs
               Married 22 January 1732 Versailles
               Louis Francois de Bourbon, Prince de Conti, son of Louis
               Armand II de Bourbon, Prince de Conti and Louise Elisabeth
               de Bourbon-Conde, Mademoiselle de Charolais
               Born 13 August 1717 Paris
               Died 2 August 1776 Paris
                        Children, Generation III-7

       II-4 (I-8)
            1  Louis Jean de Bourbon
               Duc de Penthievre, de Rambouillet
               Born 16 November 1725 Rambouillet
               Died 4 March 1793 Vernon
               Married 25 December 1744 Versailles
               Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este, Princess of Modena, daughter
               of Francesco III Maria d'Este, Duke of Modena and Princess
               Charlotte Aglae d'Orleans, Mademoiselle de Valois
               Born 6 October 1726 Modena
               Died 30 April 1754 Rambouillet
                        Children, Generation III-8

        (a) 2  Louis Alexandre de Sainte-Foy
               Born 1720
               Died young

            3  Philippe Auguste de Sainte-Foix
               "Le Chevalier d'Arcq"
               Born July 1721 Paris
               Died 1795 Paris
               Married 11 February 1772 Paris
               Anne Marie Richard, daughter of Joseph Richard
               Died 1801
                        Children, Generation III-9

      III-1 (II-2-2)
        (a) 1  Henriette de Bourbon
               Mademoiselle de Verneuil
               Born 23 April 1725 Paris
               Died 11 September 1780 Beaumont-les-Tours
               Married 17 November 1740 Paris, Saint Sulpice
               Comte Jean de Laguiche, Comte de Serignon, Baron du
               Rousset, son of Marquis Claude de Laguiche and Louise
               Eleonore de Langheac de Coligny
               Born 14 July 1719 Serignon
               Died 28 January 1770 Paris
                        Children, Generation IV-1

        (2) 2  Louis Joseph de Bourbon
               Prince de Conde
               Born 9 August 1736 Paris
               Died 13 May 1818 Palais Bourbon
               Married (1) 3 May 1753 Versailles
               Charlotte de Rohan-Soubise, daughter of Charles de Rohan,
               Prince de Soubise, Duc de Rohan-Rohan and Anne Marie Louise
               de La Tour d'Auvergne
               Born 7 October 1737 Paris
               Died 4 March 1760 Paris
               Married (2) 24 October 1798
               Maria Caterina Brignole, daughter of Nob. Giovanni Maria
               Brignole, Marchese de Brignole-Sale and Anna Balbi
               Born 7 October 1737
               Died 18 March 1813 Wimbledon
                        Children, Generation IV-2

      III-2 (II-2-3)
            1  Louis de Bourbon-Conti
               Comte de La Marche
               Born 28 March 1715 Paris
               Died 1 August 1717 Paris

            2  Louis Francois de Bourbon
               Prince de Conti
               Born 13 August 1717 Paris
               Died 2 August 1776 Paris
               Married 22 January 1732 Versailles
               Princess Louise Diane d'Orleans, Mademoiselle de Chartres,
               daughter of Philippe II, Duke of Orleans, Regent of France
               1715-1723 and Francoise Marie de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de
               Blois
               Born 27 June 1716 Paris
               Died 26 September 1736 Issy
               Buried Paris, St.Andre des Arcs
               Children by (a) Marie Claude Gaucher-Dailly, Madame de
               Brimont
                        Children, Generation IV-3

            3  Louis Armand de Bourbon-Conti
               Duc de Mercoeur
               Born 19 August 1720 Paris
               Died 13 May 1722 Paris

            4  Charles de Bourbon-Conti
               Comte d'Alais
               Born 5 February 1722 Paris
               Died 7 August 1730 Paris

            5  Louise Henriette de Bourbon
               Mademoiselle de Conti
               Born 20 June 1726 Paris
               Died 9 February 1759 Paris
               Married 17 December 1743 Versailles
               Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orleans, son of Louis I, Duke of
               Orleans and Markgrafin Auguste von Baden-Baden
               Born 12 May 1725 Versailles
               Died 18 November 1785 Chateau St.Assise-en-Brie
                        Children, Generation IV-4

      III-3 (II-2-6)
            1  Marie Marguerite de Bourbon
               Demoiselle de Bourbon
               Born 17 August 1752
               Died after 1830
               Married (1) December 1769
               Comte Denis Nicolas du Puget
               Died 3 October 1777
               Married (2) Lewis Toujard, Colonel
                        Children, Generation IV-5

            2  Charlotte Marguerite Elisabeth de Bourbon-Charolais
               Demoiselle de Bourbon
               Born 1 August 1754
               Died 12 September 1839
               Married 3 February 1772
               Francois Xavier Joseph, Count af Danneskiold-Lovendal, son
               of Ulrich Friedrich Woldemar, Count von Lovendal and
               Countess Barbe Madeleine Szembek
               Born 28 December 1742 Warszawa, Poland
               Died 20 September 1808 's-Gravenhage
                        Children, Generation IV-6

      III-4 (II-3-2)
            1  NN de Bourbon
               Born 1711
               Died 21 July 1711 Fontainebleau

            2  Charles de Bourbon
               Duc d'Alencon
               Born 26 March 1713 Versailles
               Died 16 April 1714 Versailles
               Buried St.Denis

            3  Marie Louise Elisabeth de Bourbon
               Born 16 June 1714 Versailles
               Died 17 June 1714 Versailles
               Buried St.Denis

        (a) 4  NN (daughter) d'Aydie de Rions

      III-5 (II-3-4)
            1  Alfonso d'Este
               Prince of Modena
               Born 18 November 1723
               Died 16 June 1725 Reggio

            2  Francesco Constantino d'Este
               Prince of Modena
               Born 22 November 1724
               Died 16 June 1725

            3  Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este
               Princess of Modena
               Born 6 October 1726 Modena
               Died 30 April 1754 Rambouillet
               Married 25 December 1744 Versailles
               Louis Jean de Bourbon, Duc de Penthievre, de Rambouillet,
               son of Louis Alexandre de Bourbon, Comte de Toulouse, Duc
               de Penthi�vre and Marie Victoire Sophie de Noailles
               Born 16 November 1725 Rambouillet
               Died 4 March 1793 Vernon
                        Children, Generation IV-7

            4  Ercole III d'Este
               Duke of Modena
               Born 22 November 1727 Modena
               Died 14 October 1803 Treviso
               Married 16 April 1741 Massa
               Donna Maria Teresa Cybo, Duchess of Massa and Carrara,
               daughter of Alderano Cybo, 4.Duke of Massa and Carrara
               1715-1731 and Richarde Gonzaga-Novellara
               Born 29 June 1725 Novellara
               Died 25 December 1790 Reggio
                        Children, Generation IV-8

            5  Mathilde d'Este
               Princess of Modena
               Born 7 February 1729 Genoa
               Died 14 November 1803 Treviso

            6  NN d'Este
               Prince of Modena
               Born 14 July 1730 Modena
               Died 12 July 1731 Reggio

            7  NN d'Este
               Princess of Modena
               Born 24 November 1731
               Died 3 April 1736

            8  Fortunee Marie d'Este
               Princess of Modena
               Born 15 July 1734 Modena
               Died 21 September 1803 Venice
               Married 27 February 1759 Nangis Div.
               Louis Francois II Joseph de Bourbon, Prince de Conti, son
               of Louis Francois de Bourbon, Prince de Conti and Princess
               Louise Diane d'Orleans, Mademoiselle de Chartres
               Born 1 September 1734 Paris
               Died 13 March 1814 Barcelona
                         S.P.

            9  Benedict d'Este
               Prince of Modena
               Born 30 September 1736 Paris
               Died 16 September 1751 Modena

            10 Maria Ernestina d'Este
               Princess of Modena
               Born 12 February 1741
               Died 4 August 1774

      III-6 (II-3-5)
            1  Louis Philippe I
               Duke of Orleans
               Born 12 May 1725 Versailles
               Died 18 November 1785 Chateau St.Assise-en-Brie
               Married (1) 17 December 1743 Versailles
               Louise Henriette de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Conti,
               daughter of Louis Armand II de Bourbon, Prince de Conti and
               Louise Elisabeth de Bourbon-Conde, Mademoiselle de
               Charolais
               Born 20 June 1726 Paris
               Died 9 February 1759 Paris
               Married (2) 23 April 1773 Paris
               Charlotte Beraud de la Haye de Riou, daughter of Jean
               Beraud de la Haye de Riou, Seigneur de la Gauvrillere and
               Josefa Minard
               Born 5 October 1738
               Died 6 February 1806 Paris
               Children by (a) Etiennette Le Marquis, Madame de
               Villemonble
                        Children, Generation IV-9

            2  Princesse Louise Madeleine d'Orleans
               Mademoiselle d'Orleans
               Born 5 August 1726 Paris
               Died 11 May 1728 St.Cloud
               Buried Val de Grace

      III-7 (II-3-8)

            1  Louis Francois II Joseph de Bourbon
               Prince de Conti
               Born 1 September 1734 Paris
               Died 13 March 1814 Barcelona
               Married 27 February 1759 Nangis Div.
               Fortunee Marie d'Este, Princess of Modena, daughter of
               Francesco III Maria d'Este, Duke of Modena and Princess
               Charlotte Aglae d'Orleans, Mademoiselle de Valois
               Born 15 July 1734 Modena
               Died 21 September 1803 Venice
               Child by (a) Anne-Marie Veroneze "Coraline"
               Born 1761 Paris
               Died 3 August 1785 Melun
                        Children, Generation IV-10

            2  NN de Bourbon-Conti
               Born September 1736
               Died September 1736

      III-8 (II-4-1)
            1  Louis de Bourbon Penthievre
               Duc de Rambouillet
               Born 2 January 1746 Versailles
               Died circa 13 November 1749 Versailles

            2  Louis Alexandre de Bourbon Penthievre
               Prince de Lamballe
               Born 6 September 1747 Paris
               Died 6 May 1768 Louveciennes
               Buried Dreux
               Married 31 January 1767 Nangis
               Princess Maria Teresa de Savoie-Carignan, daughter of Luigi
               Vittorio de Savoie, Prince de Carignan and Landgrafin
               Christine von Hessen-Rheinfels-Rotenburg
               Born 8 September 1749 Torino, Italy
               Died 3 September 1792 Paris (guillotine)
                         S.P.

            3  Jean Marie de Bourbon Penthievre
               Duc de Chateau-Villain
               Born 17 July 1748 Paris
               Died 19 May 1755 Paris
               Buried Dreux

            4  Vincent Marie Louis de Bourbon Penthievre
               Comte de Guingamp
               Born 22 June 1750 Paris
               Died 14 March 1752 Versailles
               Buried Dreux

            5  Marie Louise de Bourbon-Penthievre
               Mademoiselle de Penthievre
               Born 18 October 1751 Paris
               Died 25 September 1753 Versailles
               Buried Dreux

            6  Adelaide de Bourbon
               Mademoiselle de Penthievre
               Born 13 March 1753 Paris
               Died 23 June 1821 Ivry-sur-Seine
               Buried Chap.St.Louis, Dreux
               Married 5 April 1769 Versailles Div.1792/3
               Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orleans  "Philippe Egalite", son
               of Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orleans and Louise Henriette
               de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Conti
               Born 13 April 1747 St. Cloud
               Died 6 November 1793 Paris (guillotine)
                        Children, Generation IV-11

            7  Louis Marie Felicite de Bourbon Penthievre
               Born 29 April 1754 Paris
               Died 30 April 1754 Paris
               Buried Dreux

      III-9 (II-4-3)
            1  NN de Sainte-Foix
               Born 14 September 1767
               Died 23 January 1795

       IV-1 (III-1-1)
            1  Charles Amable de Laguiche
               Comte de Serignon, Comte de Laguiche
               Born 22 September 1747 Paris
               Died 28 June 1794 Paris (executed)
               Married 1777
               Jeanne Marie de Clermont-Montoison
               Born 15 April 1757 Chagny
               Died 19 February 1822 Nuits-sur-Raviere

       IV-2 (III-1-2)

        (1) 1  Marie de Bourbon-Conde
               Mademoiselle de Bourbon
               Born 16 February 1755 Paris
               Died 22 June 1759 Paris

            2  Louis Henri Joseph de Bourbon
               Duc de Bourbon, Prince de Conde
               Born 13 April 1756 Paris
               Died 30 August 1830 Chateau de Saint-Leu
               Married 24 April 1770 Versailles
               Princesse Bathilde d'Orleans, daughter of Louis Philippe I,
               Duke of Orleans and Louise Henriette de Bourbon,
               Mademoiselle de Conti
               Born 9 July 1750 St.Cloud
               Died 10 January 1822 Paris
               Children by (a) Mademoiselle NN Michelot

            3  Louise Adelaide de Bourbon-Conde
               Born 5 October 1758 Chantilly
               Died 10 March 1824 Paris

       IV-3 (III-2-2)
            1  = III-7-1
             2  = III-7-2

        (a) 3  Francois Claude Fauste de Bourbon
               Marquis de Bourbon-Removille
               Born 21 March 1771
               Died 8 June 1833 Paris

            4  Marie-Francois de Bourbon
               Chevalier de Bourbon-Conti
               Born 22 December 1772
               Died 6 June 1840
               Married 20 April 1828
               Henriette de La Brousse de Verteilhac, daughter of Francois
               Gabriel Thibaud de La Brousse, Marquis de Verteilhac and
               Jeanne Charlotte Appelvoisin de La Roche du Maine
               Died 1881
                         S.P.

       IV-4 (III-2-5)
            1  Princesse NN d'Orleans
               Born 12 July 1745 St.Cloud
               Died 14 December 1745 St.Cloud

            2  Louis Philippe II
               Duke of Orleans  "Philippe Egalite"
               Born 13 April 1747 St. Cloud
               Died 6 November 1793 Paris (guillotine)
               Married 5 April 1769 Versailles Div.1792/3
               Adelaide de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Penthievre, daughter
               of Louis Jean de Bourbon, Duc de Penthievre, de Rambouillet
               and Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este, Princess of Modena
               Born 13 March 1753 Paris
               Died 23 June 1821 Ivry-sur-Seine
               Buried Chap.St.Louis, Dreux
               Child by (a) Stephanie Felicite Ducrest de St.Aubin, Madame
               de Genlis
               Born 1746 Champceri
               Died 1830
               Affaire with (b) Grace Dalrymple, daughter of Hew Dalrymple
               Died 16 May 1823 nr. Sevres

            3  Princesse Bathilde d'Orleans
               Born 9 July 1750 St.Cloud
               Died 10 January 1822 Paris
               Married 24 April 1770 Versailles
               Louis Henri Joseph de Bourbon, Duc de Bourbon, Prince de
               Conde, son of Louis Joseph de Bourbon, Prince de Conde and
               Charlotte de Rohan-Soubise
               Born 13 April 1756 Paris
               Died 30 August 1830 Chateau de Saint-Leu

       IV-5 (III-3-1)
        (1) 1  Marguerite Marie du Puget
               Born 1772
               Died circa 1860 Chateau de Vaux
               Married circa 1805 Louisiana
               Francois Louis Chemin de Forgues

       IV-6 (III-3-2)
            1  Count Carl Woldemar af Danneskiold-Lovendal
               Born 30 January 1773
               Died 22 December 1829

            2  Countess Francoise Marguerite af Danneskiold-Lovendal
               Born 1 February 1774
               Died 13 May 1820
               Married 18 February 1794
               Count Christian Karl von Schimmelmann
               Died 6 June 1842

            3  Countess Elise de Danneskiold-Lovendal
               Born 18 May 1777 Versailles
               Died 11 October 1812 Paris
               Married 1802 Paris
               Jhr. Christiaan Bangeman Huygens, son of Willem Vincent
               Bangeman and Catharina Constantia Huygens
               Born 31 October 1772 St.Oedenrode
               Died 29 March 1857 Maastricht

       IV-7 (III-5-3)
            1  = III-8-1

            2  = III-8-2

            3  = III-8-3

            4  = III-8-4

            5  = III-8-5
 

            6  = III-8-6

            7  = III-8-7

       IV-8 (III-5-4)
            1  Maria Beatrice d'Este
               Duchess of Modena
               Born 6 April 1750 Modena
               Died 14 November 1829 Wien
               Married 15 October 1771 Milano
               Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, son of Franz I Stephan,
               Emperor, Duke of Lorraine, Grand Duke of Tuscany and
               Archduchess Maria Theresia of Austria, Queen of Hungary and
               Bohemia
               Born 1 June 1754 Wien
               Died 24 December 1806 Wien

            2  Rinaldo d'Este
               Prince of Modena
               Born 4 January 1753
               Died 5 May 1753

       IV-9 (III-6-1)
        (1) 1  = IV-4-1

            2  = IV-4-2

            3  = IV-4-3

        (a) 4  Comte Louis Etienne de Saint-Phar
               Born 21 January 1759 Paris
               Died 24 July 1825 Paris

            5  Comte Louis Philippe de Saint-Albin
               Born 7 July 1761
               Died 13 June 1829 Paris

            6  Etiennette Marie Perrine d'Auvilliers
               Mademoiselle de Villemonble
               Married 1778
               Francois Constantin, Comte de Brossard
 

      IV-10 (III-7-1)
        (a) 1  Louis Francois de Bourbon
               Chevalier de Vaureal
               Born 1782
 

      IV-11 (III-8-6)
            1  Louis Philippe
               King of The French
               Born 6 October 1773 Paris
               Died 26 August 1850 Claremont, Surrey, England
               Married 25 November 1809 Palermo
               Princess Maria Amelia of Naples and Sicily, daughter of
               Ferdinando IV-I, King of The Two Sicilies and Archduchess
               Maria Karoline of Austria
               Born 26 April 1782 Caserta
               Died 24 March 1866 Claremont, Surrey, England

            2  Antoine Philippe d'Orleans
               Duc de Montpensier
               Born 3 July 1775 Paris
               Died 18 May 1807 Salt Hill nr Windsor

            3  Princess Adelaide d'Orleans
               Born 23 August 1777 Palais Royal
               Died 31 December 1847 Tuileries

            4  Princesse NN d'Orleans
               Born 23 August 1777
               Died 1 February 1782

            5  Louis Charles d'Orleans
               Comte de Beaujolais
               Born 7 October 1779 Paris
               Died 30 May 1808 Malta

Louis XIV
King of France and Navarre 1643-1651-1715, (1638-1715)

            At the age of four he succeeded his father to become King of
        France and through his reign became the symbol of absolute monarchy.
        However, he was also a neglected child, cared for by servants. Once he
        almost drowned in a pond because no one was watching him. However, his
        mother, Anne of Austria who caused the neglect, instilled in him a
        lasting fear of "crimes committed against God".
            In 1648 the nobles rose against the crown in protest against the
        Prime Minister, Cardinal Mazarin. This civil war, known as the Fronde,
        lasted several years, bringing Louis XIV poverty, misfortune, fear,
        humiliation, cold and hunger. This shaped his character and he would
        never forgive either Paris, the nobles, or the common people.
        Cardinal Mazarin was victorious in 1653 and constructed an
        extraordinary administration for the kingdom. Although Louis XIV had
        been proclaimed to be of age, he would not dispute the Cardinal's
        absolute power. In 1658 he fell in love with Marie Mancini, a niece of
        Cardinal Mazarin; but in 1660 he dutifully married a Spanish Infanta.
        In 1661 Cardinal Mazarin died and Louis XIV astonished his ministers
        by announcing that he intended to assume all responsibility for ruling
        the kingdom.
            He was fortunate that he had several great ministers to support
        him and, for the next fifty-four years, he devoted himself to the task
        of controlling everything, from court etiquette to troop movements,
        from road building to theological disputes. The nobilty, for centuries
        a cause of instability in the kingdom, were lured to the court and
        corrupted with gambling and dissipation, their destinies depending on
        their capacity for pleasing him. Etiquette became most important and
        from that time the nobility ceased to be an important factor in French
        politics. In his younger years he had mistresses who supplied him with
        many illegitimate children, all of whom were acknowledged.
        Louis XIV was fortunate in knowing how to bring out the best in his
        people, while at the same time France was fortunate in having so many
        talented people. Louis XIV built several new residences; however,
        Versailles, cursed as an extravagance, is the only one not only to
        have survived but to become an object of universal admiration
        enhancing French prestige. By living in Versailles Louis XIV had not
        only removed himself from the unhealthy city of Paris but also
        isolated himself from his people.
            In 1667 he invaded the Spanish Netherlands which he regarded as
        his first wife's inheritance. This started a series of wars lasting
        the greater part of his reign. After a brilliant beginning he was
        forced to retreat by the English and the Dutch. He never forgave the
        Dutch and, allying himself with Charles II of England, invaded the
        Netherlands in 1672. This started a long war ending in 1678 with Louis
        XIV triumphant.
            In 1682 he transferred the seat of government to Versailles. A
        year later his queen died and he secretly married Madame de Maintenon,
        so that hypocricy became the rule at his court. Nevertheless, he
        remained devoted to her and, even late in life when she was over
        seventy, she was told by her confessor to fulfil her conjugal duties.
            In 1685 he revoked the Edict of Nantes. This made him many enemies
        and caused the departure of the French Huguenots, as the revocation
        was accompanied by pitiless persecution which caused endless
        misfortune. England, the Dutch and the Emperor then united in the
        Grand Alliance to resist him, and the war starting in 1688 lasted
        until 1697. At the Peace Treaty of Rijswijk, he was forced not only to
        return part of his territorial acquisitions but also to acknowledge
        his enemy, William of Orange as King of England.
            In 1700 the Spanish King, last of the Spanish Habsburgs, died and
        bequeathed all his possessions to Louis XIV's grandson. At first Louis
        XIV hesitated to accept but had to do so if only to prevent Spain from
        falling to the hostile Habsburg Emperor in Vienna. The War of the
        Spanish Succession, instigated by his enemy William of Orange, again
        lasted for several years.
            His last years were marred not only by this war but also by the
        premature deaths of his son, his grandson and two great-grandsons,
        leaving a little boy to succeed him when he died in 1715. When his
        body was taken to the St. Denis basilica, the population jeered.

Athenais de Rochechouart  (1641-1707)
 

            In 1666 when recovering from childbirth, Louise de La Valliere
        introduced the witty Athenais de Montespan to the king. Athenais was
        twenty-six, beautiful, married and the mother of two children. She was
        also a lady-in-waiting to the pious Queen, to whom she ingratiated
        herself by pretending to abhor the king's affair with Louise de La
        Valliere. While her husband was away she had a number of suitors.
        However, in the king's presense she would joke about them and then
        flirt with the king.
            Sophisticated, witty, voluptuous and sure of herself, she was also
        patient. Early in 1667 Louis XIV created Louise de La Valliere a
        duchess. However, she was not impressed as she believed she was losing
        both her looks and the king's affection.
            It took until the summer of 1668 before Louis XIV overcame his
        scruples and became the lover of a married woman, Athenais. Had his
        affaire with Louise been idyllic, his affaire with Athenais was very
        much sensual. The placid Louise tried to object but for a while Louis
        XIV had the two mistresses. However, one who did more than just object
        was Athenais's husband, Louis, Marquis de Montespan, who was arrested
        and banished to his estates. The official reason was: having
        disapproved His Majesty's choice of Monsieur de Montausier as governor
        of the Dauphin. When he arrived at his castle, he insisted upon
        passing through the great doorway "because my horns are too high to
        pass through the small one". When Athenais gave birth to the king's
        child in March 1669, he announced to his friends "the death of his
        wife from coquetry and ambition" and invited them to a sham funeral.
            Had Louise de La Valliere loved the king for himself, Athenais
        loved him also for the power and wealth that came to her with the
        king. She not only had her debts paid but also bought a house near the
        Louvre, saw her father named governor of Paris and her sister Abbess
        of Fontevrault. Yet to everyone's surprise Athenais retained the
        friendship of Louise de La Valliere.
            When the king went to Flanders, he went in a coach accompanied by
        his "three queens", a situation that was to last for six years.
        However, in 1670 Louise became seriously ill and, after recovering
        retired into a convent. Following the departure of Louise de La
        Valliere, Athenais became even more avaricious, declining small
        presents as, she said, she preferred large ones. The offer of a
        country house near Saint-Germain was dismissed with "good enough for a
        chorus girl". Instead, she received the Chateau of Clagny.
            The queen had always liked Louise de La Valliere but, unable to
        cope with the vicious wit of Athenais, was often heard to complain
        "that slut will kill me yet". The seven children Athenais produced for
        Louis XIV were cared for by Madame Scarron. From 1675 this widow
        became known as Madame de Maintenon.
            However, Louis XIV not only still kept sleeping with both the
        Queen and Athenais, but also had affaires with Mademoiselle des
        Oeillets, Anne de Rohan (Princesse de Soubise), Mademoiselle de Ludres
        and Marie Angelique de Fontanges. The latter drove Athenais into a
        frenzy and in her fury she accused Madame de Maintenon of planning her
        downfall.
            Marie Angelique de Fontanges gave birth to a still-born child
        while she herself was seriously ill. Shortly afterwards the police
        arrested a number of people accused of poisoning. The inquiry that
        followed took a long time and suddenly ordered the arrest of six
        ladies from the Court. Two of them disappeared to the Netherlands
        which created an impression of guilt. The main suspect was known as
        Madame La Voisin, who told fortunes and provided love-potions. Madame
        La Voisin was found guilty and executed, after which her daughter gave
        evidence and implicated Athenais de Montespan.
            Her accusations were very serious as apparently black masses, love
        potions and spells involved the king and were repeated several times.
        It also appeared that Athenais had supplied the king with aphrodisiacs
        without his knowledge and had tried to poison Mademoiselle de
        Fontanges.
            While these investigations took place, the king received verbatim
        reports which, after reading, he burned. Even though La Voisin's
        daughter had never actually seen Athenais, she was believed. Louis
        XIV, as a God-fearing man, was shocked and their affaire was over. As
        he was not vindictive he did not want to have the mother of his
        legitimised children appear in court and allowed her to remain at
        court. The one thing that changed was the sexual habits of Louis XIV.
          Francoise d'Aubigne, Madame de Maintenon, who was three years older
        than the king, had intrigued the king already for a long time, and
        after a while, he married her secretly. Athenais lived for many more
        years and in old age her hair became a beautiful snow-white. The
        thought of death frightened her so much that she paid several women to
        sit in her room at night with candles lit and the curtains drawn so
        that, if she woke up, she would be reassured by seeing them playing
        cards or eating.

Louis Auguste de Bourbon
Duc de Maine et d'Aumale, (1670-1736)

              He was a timid, gentle, rather mild young man, brought up by
       Madame de Maintenon to be pious and obedient. He was no warrior.
        Lacking the confidence to command troops, he had revealed himself as
        embarrassingly inept on the field of battle, where, ordered to attack
        by the Marechal de Villeroi, he hesitated, dithered and allowed the
        enemy army to escape.
              Nevertheless Maine, the apple of Madame de Maintenon's eye, was
        heaped with honours and privileges. His cousin, the Duke of Chartres
        and the future Duke of Orleans and Regent of France, regarded him dull
        and untrustworthy, pretended not to care being passed over by Louis
        XIV.
             On 19 March 1692 in Versailles, he married Anne Louise Benedicte
        de Bourbon-Conde, Mademoiselle de Charolais, and they became the
        parents of seven children.

Philippe II
Duke of Orleans, Regent of France 1715-1723, (1674-1723)

            When as a young boy he was asked whether he liked beautiful
        clothes, he answered: "I like them more than Madame (his mother) but
        not as much as Monsieur (his father)". Philippe grew up without
        religion and felt contempt for the Church and every other kind of
        authority. He acted, sang, painted, distilled perfumes, and composed,
        but was never interested in any subject for very long. He became
        debauched and gave orgiastic suppers which included nude girls served
        in silver dishes. Later in life he was rumoured to have had an
        incestuous affair with one of his own daughters. He loved women, but
        none more than his remarkable mother; and it was to her that he
        uttered the famous rebuke when she complained that he chose such ugly
        mistresses: "Bah! Mama, all cats look grey in the dark!"
            He was forced to marry his first cousin, an illegitimate daughter
        of Louis XIV. On receiving this news his mother became hysterical and,
        apparently in front of the Court, slapped his face. However Louis XIV
        celebrated their wedding in magnificent fashion.
            In 1701 he had an affaire with one of his mother's attendants as
        well having both his wife and an actress pregnant at the same time.
        When he went to Paris to visit both new mothers, his wife complained
        to her father, Louis XIV, who passed on this complaint to his brother,
        Philippe's father. However, the latter merely pointed out to the king
        that he should be the last to complain, and reminding him of his own
        early days when he went to Flanders and travelled in the same coach as
        his wife and both Madames de La Valliere and Montespan, both mothers
        of the king's illegitimate children. Louis XIV was furious as his
        brother also pointed out that his son had been forced into his
        marriage by promises the king had not kept. Later that night Philippe
        sent a message to the king that his father was seriously ill but,
        still angry, Louis XIV went to bed. Only after another message was
        sent did Louis XIV go to see his brother but found him unconscious,
        and soon afterwards the Duc d'Orleans died. Louis XIV felt guilty as
        he had always been close to his brother; and so he told his nephew and
        son-in-law Philippe, now the new Duc d'Orleans, to regard him as his
        father.
            In 1711 the king's only legitimate son died and, to the surprise
        of the Duc de Saint Simon, the Duc d'Orleans burst into tears. Even
        though the Dauphin and Philippe had been estranged for a long time,
        Philippe nevertheless regarded the Dauphin as a good man he had known
        all his life; and although his sadness would not last for very long,
        he did grieve for his cousin.
            When Louis XIV's heir and great-grandson died in 1712, it was said
        that Philippe had not only poisoned the little boy but also the Duc de
        Berry as this could make him the next French king. However, knowing
        his nephew, Louis XIV took no notice of these rumours.
            In 1714 Louis XIV drew up a will intended to prevent the Duc
        d'Orleans from becoming Regent after his own death. He also created a
        Council of fourteen noblemen with Orleans as its president. However,on
        his deathbed Louis XIV asked Orleans to serve the future Louis XV as
        loyally as he had served himself. Then he announced, "my nephew shall
        rule our country" so that nothing came of the Council.
            As Regent Philippe, Duc d'Orleans, although dissolute in his
        private life, was intelligent and cultured. He was also greatly
        influenced by Cardinal Dubois and in 1718 backed the Scottish banker
        John Law. However, this venture collapsed in 1720, ruining many
        people. When Louis XV came of age in February 1723, he was asked to
        continue as the king's chief minister; but on 2 December 1723, while
        visiting his mistress, the Duchesse de Falari, Philippe suddenly died.

Francoise Marie de Bourbon
Mademoiselle de Blois, (1677-1749)

             She has been described as the incarnation of pride and laziness,
        and was nicknamed "Lucifer". Despite being illegitimate she regarded
        herself a "Daughter of France" and did her cousin, a "Grandson of
        France", an honour by marrying him. She was pretty and witty and,
        although in the first few years she allowed her husband his
        mistresses, she was too lazy to take a lover herself, which prevented
        her from becoming the subject of the usual gossip. Later on her pride
        alienated her from her husband and, according to her mother-in-law,
        she became drunk three or four times a week.
             She outlived all her children except for her son and the Duchess
        of Modena. D'Argenson said she was very like her mother, Madame de
        Montespan, but also had Louis XIV's orderly mind with his failings of
        injustice and harshness. She ruled the Palais-Royal until her death in
        1749 at the age of seventy-two.

Louis Armand II de Bourbon
Prince de Conti, (1695-1727)

        The only surviving son of Francois Louis, Prince de Conti so disliked
        by Louis XIV, he was nevertheless treated with great liberality by
        this king. He served under Marshal Villars in the War of the Spanish
        Succession, although he lacked the soldierly qualities of his father.
        As a prominent supporter of the financial schemes of John Law, he made
        large sums of money.

Princess Marie Louise Elisabeth d'Orleans  (1695-1719)

               As a little girl when seriously ill, it was her father who
        nursed her and as a result she became and remained his most beloved
        child. In 1709, when she was only fourteen, the Duchess of Bourbon
        started the rumour that Marie Louise was having an incestuous
        relationship with her father.
              However, her prospects of marrying Louis XIV's grandson, the Duc
        de Berry, were used to force her father to give up his mistress,
        Madame d'Argenton. The Duchess of Bourbon offered her daugther who was
        of the same age and equally attractive. However, Louis XIV ignored the
        wishes of the people concerned and decided that precedence should
        prevail and, as the Duke of Orleans was closer to the throne than the
        Duke of Bourbon, Marie Louise married the Duke of Berry.
             Having been placed in prominence too young, her behaviour became
        embarrassing. Her grandmother recorded how: "all of a sudden the
        duchesse de Berry fainted dead away; we thought it was a stroke, but
        after Madame la duchesse de Bourgogne poured vinegar into her face she
        came to again. Then she had a horrendous fit of vomitting; nor is this
        surprising, for in the theatre she had continually stuffed herself for
        two hours with all kinds of filth, caramel peaches, chestnuts, a paste
        of gooseberries and currants, dried cherries, and lots of lemonade
        with it, then at supper she ate fish and drank on top of that. So she
        felt sick, and when she wanted to hold it in, she fainted. Today she
        is hale and hearty again, but one of these days she will make herself
        really ill with gluttony, for she will not listen to any admonitions."
             In July 1711 she was three months pregnant and, even though her
        doctor advised against it, the king demanded she make the annual
        journey to Fontainebleau. He allowed her to make the journey by boat
        but then disaster struck. The boat almost hit the bridge at Melun and
        her party barely escaped drowning. Exhausted, she arrived at two in
        the morning; four days later she miscarried. No-one felt sorry for
        her, least of all her grand-mother who wrote: "The misfortune of
        Madame de Berry has not upset me after all she is all right---and the
        child was only a girl."
             She was the black sheep of the family and Madame de Maintenon,
        with malicious pleasure, asked Marie Louise's grandmother to lecture
        her on her behaviour. Madame d'Orleans did so with enthusiasm. In 1713
        she gave birth prematurely to a son which died in infancy; in the same
        year she also grew away from her father.
             In 1714, when again pregnant, her husband fell ill at Marly with
        a violent fever. He was bled and given an emetic but the next day he
        had difficulty breathing. His condition worsened quickly and he died
        at four in the morning of 4 May 1714, in his twenty-eight year. It was
        thought that he had probably ruptured his stomach muscles on the
        pommel of his saddle, when falling from a horse. In June she
        miscarried.
             When her father became Regent of France, she started to draw
        attention to herself and even in the Comedie demanded that the actors
        salute her before the performance. There was such an outcry that she
        stopped going to the Comedie. More disturbing than any of her follies
        was her preoccupation with a new lover, Armand de Rions. The Duke de
        Saint-Simon described him as "a short chubby young man covered in
        pimples who, with his green and yellow complexion, looked rather like
        a walking abscess."
              When she bought a pretty house, Chateau de La Muette, in the
        Bois de Boulogne, the Parisians were delighted to see her go. Madame
        de Clermont, her lady-in-waiting, became so frustrated by her antics
        that she resigned her post. Some time later Marie Louise, seeing
        Madame de Clermont at the Opera, demanded that she leave immediately.
        Madame de Clermont did so with dignity: "I shall leave; I am delighted
        once again to have an opportunity to show Madame de Berry my
        submission and my obedience." There was an uproar and six weeks later
        the duchesse was compelled to apologise to Madame de Clermont.
             However, she enjoyed herself and at her father's supper parties
        she laughed and drank as the men did; they called her 'Princess
        chubby'. She lost her self-control and, besotted by her lover, became
        pregnant. However, when giving birth to a still-born daughter, her
        health was fatally undermined. Disgraced by her father, she was unable
        to prevent her father from ordering Rion to report to his regiment
        immediately. When she threatened to marry Rions, the scenes with her
        father grew violent and in the end Rions was sent away to fight in the
        war against Spain.
             The Duchess, trying to make amends and very frightened, gave her
        father a supper party on the terrace at Meudon. However, it was not a
        success and she caught a chill from the night air. Wrapped in
        blankets, she was taken to La Muette. Almost twenty-four years old,
        she died at midnight on 21 July 1719.

Princess Charlotte Aglae d'Orleans
Mademoiselle de Valois, (1700-1761)

             At age eighteen she was described as "very pretty, if rather
        plump, a lively brunette with sparkling eyes." Her grandmother,
        impossible to please, deplored "her huge hawk's nose which has spoiled
        everything. I can guess what happened---she must have been allowed to
        take snuff, and that made her nose grow."
             Her grandmother, the widowed Duchess of Orleans, regarded most of
        her grandchildren with a jaundiced eye, but took a particular dislike
        to this girl: "she does not have a kind character, cares nothing for
        her mother and little for her father, except that she wants to rule
        him. Me she hates like the Devil and also hates all of her sisters.
        She is deceitful in all things, often contemptuous of the truth, and
        dreadfully coquettish withal. In short, this girl is sure to bring us
        unhappiness. I wish she were already married and living in a faraway
        country, so that we would not to have to hear more about her."
             At the time her grandmother wrote this, Charlotte was in the
        throes of a wild infatuation with the dashing young Duc de Richelieu
        who, at age twenty-two, was already an experienced seducer, and who
        all his life enjoyed ruining the lives of the women he seduced.
             Aged nineteen, on 21 June 1720 in Modena, she married Francesco
        III, Duke of Modena. However, in 1728 with her husband she fled to
        Genoa and, in 1733, returned to France. There, however, she found
        herself unwelcome; her mother, who had never liked her, was cold; her
        closest friend in the family was her illegitimate half-brother, the
        Chevalier d'Orleans.
            In 1739 she reluctantly returned to Modena which for a few years
        she made rather fashionable. But in 1743 she returned to Paris with
        her daughter. She was now a stout, red-faced woman, looking rather
        like her father. She lived on the Rue de Grenelle in the Faubourg
        Saint-Germain and was a friend of the King's mistress, Madame de
        Chateauroux.
             She intrigued successfully to marry her daughter fo the richest
        man in France, the Duke of Penthievre. But her influence at court
        ended with the arrival of Madame de Pompadour in 1745. She then
        returned to Italy, and led a wandering life, dying in 1761.

Louis I
Duke of Orleans, (1703-1752)

        He married a Princess of Baden but when she died, in 1726, he became
        more and more reclusive and pious. He retired in 1740 to the abbey of
        Sainte-Genevieve in Paris where he died in 1752.

Luis I
King of Spain 1724-1724, (1707-1724)

            Born 25 August 1707, he was the eldest son of King Felipe V of
        Spain. At Lerma on 20 January 1722 when only fourteen years old, as
        Prince of Asturias he married Louise Elisabeth, Princess of Orleans,
        and a granddaughter of King Louis XIV of France, aged only thirteen.
            His father still entertained the hope of becoming King of France.
        Since 1715 King Louis XV, only a child, had been king and if he died
        his uncle, King Felipe V of Spain, should have been in line had he not
        renounced his rights when he became King of Spain. To overcome this
        obstacle, he abdicated in January 1724 in favour of Luis, who now
        became King Luis I of Spain at seventeen.
            Luis was a young man of great promise and, according to the Duke
        of Liria, was "endowed with every kind of virtue and good quality. He
        carried out all his duties to perfection; he spoke French, Spanish,
        Italian and Latin excellently; loved justice and virtue and hated
        vice---and would have made a model monarch."
            After a reign of seven months and sixteen days, King Luis I died
        of smallpox so that his father became King of Spain once more.

Princess Louise Elisabeth d'Orleans
Mademoiselle de Montpensier, (1709-1742)

            One of the unruly daughters of Philippe, Duke of Orleans and
        Regent of France, her grandmother described her as 'the most
        disagreeable person that I have ever seen'.
            Nevertheless, when only thirteen years old, she married the
        fourteen-year-old Prince of Asturias and heir to the King of Spain.
        After the wedding ceremony festivities were over and the Duke of
        Saint-Simon was ready to return to France, he said his goodbye to the
        new Princess of Asturias. When he asked her if she wanted him to take
        a message back to her family in France, she merely looked at him and
        belched loudly into his face.
            Later she scandalised the Spanish court by hoisting her petticoats
        up to her knees and walking about in the rain. She was also seen
        running about the gardens of La Granja clad only in a thin
        dressing-gown which, blowing up in the wind, revealed her to be quite
        naked. She was peevish and sulky with her husband, refusing to speak
        to him, and it was commonly believed that she had refused to
        consummate their marriage. Become immensely stout, she indulged her
        gluttonous appetite at all hours, forcing her ladies-in-waiting to do
        the same, and pinching and slapping them if they refused.
            Things eventually became so scandalous that her father-in-law
        confined her in the Alcazar of Madrid for six days until she promised
        to mend her ways. In 1724 her father-in-law abdicated and her husband
        became King Luis I of Spain. However, he died of smallpox a little
        over seven months later and at fourteen she was Dowager-Queen of
        Spain.
            Sent back to France, she held a little court at Vincennes where
        there were odd goings-on. 'She was fat, gluttonous, ate with both
        hands; she never reads or works, seldom plays cards, and cuts her hair
        like an English schoolboy.' She died in Paris in 1742 aged
        thirty-three.

Louis Joseph de Bourbon
Prince de Conde, (1736-1818)

             In 1740 his father died and, in consequence, though aged only
        four, he became Prince de Conde. In 1753 he married Charlotte de
        Rohan-Soubise and they became the parents of three children. Brought
        up for army service, he served with distinction in the Seven Years'
        War.
            After the fall of the Bastille in 1789, he was one of the first
        princes to emigrate. In 1791 while living in Worms, he raised the
        emigre "Conde Army" which took part without much effect in the
        anti-revolutionary campaigns of 1792-1796. After the Franco-Austrian
        peace of 1797, Conde went to Russia, serving with the Russians in
        1799; then, in 1800, he went to Austria and, in 1801, to England.
            In 1814 he returned to France and four years later died in Paris.

Stephanie Felicite Ducrest de St.Aubin
Madame de Genlis, (1746-1830)

        At sixteen she was married to the Comte de Genlis and in 1770 made
        lady-in-waiting to the Duchesse de Chartres. Later she became mistress
        to the Duchess's husband, who by then was Duke of Orleans, as well as
        governess of the Orleans children which included the future King Louis
        Philippe. She wrote four volumes of short plays, nearly a hundred
        volumes of historical romances and, in 1825, her "Memoires".

Grace Dalrymple  (-1823)

        When she married John Elliot of Peebles, she was described as "a young
        beauty". Later on she was referred to as "Dolly the Tall". However, in
        1774, only three years after her marriage, her husband divorced her on
        grounds of 'criminal connection' with Viscount Valentia, the future
        1st Earl of Mountmorris. John Elliot received �12,000,- as damages
        and, in 1778, was made a Baronet. Grace remained known as Mrs. Elliot
        and her name was not only connected with that of Philippe Egalite but
        also with the Prince Regent who was reputed to be the father of her
        daughter.
 

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